Best Efficiency Point (BEP)

This article under edit

An important and commonly-used parameter in evaluating the characteristic and
performance of a centrifugal pump is its Best Efficiency Point (BEP). The term BEP
refers to the flow rate in the performance curve at its maximum impeller diameter
where the efficiency is at its highest.

The BEP is an important parameter because:

  • Other pump parameters such as specific speed (Ns), suction specific
    speed (Nss), hydrodynamic size (Z), viscosity correction factors, etc., are
    calculated from data - such as flow, head, and NPSHR - taken from BEP.

  • It is common practice to determine a pump's recommended minimum
    continuous stable flow (MCSF), its allowable operating flow range (AOR),
    and its referred operating flow range (POR), as a percentage of its BEP.

  • Many users prefer their pumps to operate within 80% to 110% of BEP for
    optimum performance, to minimize their hydraulic radial and axial thrust
    loads, and to avoid vibration problem induced by low flow recirculation.

  • Typically, the pump's hydraulic thrust loads, and shaft deflection, are
    lowest when the pump operates at, or very close to, its BEP.

The flow at BEP is not necessarily the same as the design flow, or optimum
efficiency of its impeller. The BEP is controlled by both the impeller and the volute.
A particular impeller will yield different performances with varying BEP if it is
installed in different sizes of volutes.

A volute with a smaller throat area will pull the BEP to a lower flow rate, and will
lower the pump NS. A volute with larger throat area will pull the BEP to a higher
flow rate, and will increase the pump NS. An impeller which is matched to the
correct volute throat area will yield the optimum pump performance.

A pump BEP can be altered easily, either reduced or increased in value, thereby
relying on BEP in determining other parameter rather misleading or risky, such as
the pump's MCSF, AOR, or POR.


Is it a good practice to base the minimum stable flow, the preferred operating flow
range, and the allowable operating flow range on a percentage of BEP? Is there
an alternate method to this practice?

[ * ] the term 'volute' is used for simplicity but it can also refer to a diffuser.
[ ** ] Some information are excluded.
Read more.

R: 0110-BEEF
C: design, operation






Engineering data


Bulletin board

Go to our Sitemap
for list of articles

By accessing this site
you agree to our
Terms of Use and
Legal Disclaimer

Copyright notice
Privacy policy
Custom Search